The Highway Safety Manual (HSM) is the premier guidance document for incorporating quantitative safety analysis in the highway transportation project planning and development processes. The HSM, developed by AASHTO and first published in 2010 with a supplement for freeways published in 2014, presents contemporary scientific methodologies for estimating safety performance of highways and streets to inform the highway transportation decision-making process.
The HSM includes guidance on:
The HSM was developed over a 15 year period and is intended to be used in conjunction with related publications from AASHTO, TRB, and FHWA. Examples of such publications include the Roadside Design Guide, the Human Factors Guide (NCHRP Report 600), the Highway Capacity Manual, the Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, and the MUTCD among others.
More information about the application of the four parts, background, and benefits of the HSM can be found in AASHTO’s Introduction to the Highway Safety Manual. Additionally, tools, training materials, frequently asked questions (FAQ), and more can be found on this website. To purchase the HSM, visit AASHTO’s online store.
Technical corrections and minor fixes to models and texts within the HSM have been summarized in the HSM errata. The latest version of the HSM errata (March, 2016) can be downloaded here.
The Strategic Plan for Future Editions of the HSM was developed to document the process for developing future editions of the HSM and to provide guidance for continuing to advance the science of safety. It lays out a vision for future editions of the HSM, describes the research to HSM publication process, offers several guiding principles, and lays out a work plan for the 2nd edition of the HSM.
Much research has been completed and practical experience gained since the first HSM was published in 2010. National Cooperative on Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Project Number 17-71A is presently updating the manual and incorporating state of the art research, lessons learned, and more. The second edition of the HSM is expected to be completed and published by AASHTO in 2024.